In Trento, Trieste and Treviso the most virtuous public institutions, the least in Caltanissetta, Crotone and Vibo Valentia. This was reported by the CGIA research office on the basis of the Institutional Quality Index (IQI), an index that measures the quality of public institutions present in all Italian territorial entities, conceived in 2014 by the University of Naples.
The most virtuous territorial reality in Italy is Trento, with a 2019 IQI index equal to 1; compared to 10 years earlier, the province of Trentino has recovered 2 positions at a national level. Trieste follows in second place and Treviso in third. Just off the podium Gorizia, Florence, Venice, Pordenone, Mantua, Vicenza and Parma. In short, in the top 10 places, 8 provinces belong to the macro area of the Northeast. Finally, Catania and Trapani are in the queueCaltanissetta, Crotone and Vibo Valentia which occupies the last position.
In Italy ten times more laws than France, Germany and GB
In Italy there are approximately 160 thousand regulations, of which just over 71 thousand are approved at national level and 89 thousand by the Regions and local authorities. A legislative tangle that is 10 times higher than the total number – 15,500 – of laws present in France (7,000), Germany (5,500) and the United Kingdom (3,000). The estimate is still from the CGIA research office in Mestre (Venice), according to which overall administrative procedures cost Italian businesses 103 billion a year. According to the association, «the excessive proliferation of the number of laws present in Italy is largely attributable to two factors: the failure to suppress competing laws, once a new law is definitively approved; the increasingly massive use of legislative decrees which, due to their nature, require the approval of further implementing decrees. This regulatory overproduction has blocked the functioning of the Public Administration with very serious consequences especially for small entrepreneurs”. In the year preceding the Covid pandemic, states the CGIA, the completion of administrative procedures took 550 hours of work away from the Italian business system, which equates to a total cost of 103 billion, of which 80 on the shoulders of SMEs and 23 on those of large companies.